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Weights and Measures

Weights in the Hebrew Bible and New Testament

Hebrew Weights

HEBREW NRSV EQUIVALENCE U.S. AVOIRDUPOIS METRIC UNITS
kikkar talent 60 minas 75.558 pounds 34.3 kilograms
maneh mina 50 shekels 20.148 ounces 571.2 grams
sheqel shekel 2 bekas 176.29 grains 11.42 grams
pim (or payim) pim .667 shekel 117.52 grains 7.61 grams
beqa beka, half a shekel 10 gerahs 88.14 grains 5.71 grams
gerah gerah 8.81 grains .57 gram

Weights in the New Testament

GREEK NRSV EQUIVALENCE U.S. AVOIRDUPOIS METRIC UNITS
talenton talent (Hebrew) talent 75.558 pounds 34.3 kilograms
mna pound (Hebrew) mina 20.148 ounces 571.2 grams
litra pound (Latin) libra 0.719 pound 326.4 grams

Measures of Capacity in the Hebrew Bible and New Testament

Hebrew Measures of Capacity: Liquid Measures

HEBREW NRSV EQUIVALENCE U.S. MEASURES METRIC UNITS
kor measure, cor 10 baths 60.738 gallons 230 liters
bat bath 6 hins 6.073 gallons 23 liters
hin hin 3 kabs 1.012 gallons 3.829 liters
qab kab 4 logs 1.4349 quarts 1.276 liters
log log 0.674 pint 0.32 liter

Hebrew Measures of Capacity: Dry Measures

HEBREW NRSV EQUIVALENCE U.S. MEASURES METRIC UNITS
homer homer 2 lethechs 6.524 bushels 229.7 liters
kor measure, cor 2 lethechs 6.524 bushels 229.7 liters
letek lethech, measure 5 ephahs 3.262 bushels 114.8 liters
epah ephah, measure 3 seahs 20.878 quarts 22.9 liters
tse'ah measure 3.33 omers 6.959 quarts 7.7 liters
omer omer 1.8 kabs 2.087 quarts 2.3 liters
issaron tenth part (of ephah)
qab kab 1.159 quarts 1.3 liters

Measures of Capacity in the Hebrew Bible and New Testament

Hebrew Measures of Capacity: Liquid Measures

HEBREW NRSV EQUIVALENCE U.S. MEASURES METRIC UNITS
kor measure cor 10 baths 60.738 gallons 230 liters
bat bath 6 hins 6.073 gallons 23 liters
hin hin 3 kabs 1.012 gallons 3.829 liters
qab kab 4 logs 1.4349 quarts 1.276 liters
log log 0.674 pint 0.32liter

Hebrew Measures of Capacity: Dry Measures

HEBREW NRSV EQUIVALENCE U.S. MEASURES METRIC UNITS
homer homer 2 lethechs 6.524 bushels 229.7 liters
kor measure, cor 2 lethechs 6.524 bushels 229.7 liters
letek lethech, measure 5 ephahs 3.262 bushels 114.8 liters
epah ephah, measure 3 seahs 20.878 quarts 22.9 liters
tse'ah measure 3.33 omers 6.959 quarts 7.7 liters
omer omer 1.8 kabs 2.087 quarts 2.3 liters
issaron tenth part (of ephah)
qab kab 1.159 quarts 1.3 liters

Measures of Capacity in the New Testament

HEBREW NRSV EQUIVALENCE U.S. MEASURES METRIC UNITS
batos measure (Hebrew) bat 6.073 gallons 23 liters
koros measure (Hebrew) kor 60.738 gallons or 6.524 bushels 230 liters
saton measure (Hebrew) tse'ah 6.959 dry quarts 7.71 liters
metretes measure 10.3 gallons 39 liters
choinix quart 0.98 dry quart 1.079 liters
modios bushel (Latin) modius 7.68 dry quarts 8.458 liters
xestes pot (Latin) sextarius 0.96 dry pint o 1.12 fluid pints 0.53 liter

Lengths in the Hebrew Bible and New Testament

Hebrew Lengths

HEBREW NRSV EQUIVALENCE U.S. MEASURES METRIC UNITS
ammah cubit 2 spans 17.49 inches 0.443 meter
zeret span 3 handbreadths 8.745 inches 0.221 meter
topah, tepah handbreadth 4 fingers 2.915 inches 0.074 meter
etsba finger 0.728 inch 0.019 meter
The cubit described in Ezekial 40.5; 43.13 is equal to seven (not six) handbreadths, or 20.405 inches.

Lengths in the New Testament

GREEK NRSV U.S. MEASURES METRIC UNITS
pechus cubit about 1.5 feet 0.456 meter
orguia fathom about 72.44 inches 1.839 meters
stadion stadia, or the equivalent in miles about 606 feet 184.7 meters
milion mile about 4,854 feet 1.482 kilometers
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