We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more

Glossary

Some of the major terms, phrases, people, and places of the Bible are listed below. Each glossary definition includes links to relevant reference articles within the site.


Table of Contents

Abarbanel
Abravanel, Isaac
Abravanel, Judah
Abulafia, Abraham ben Shemuel
accession
acrostic
Active Intellect
Adar
Adonai
aggadah
Ahad Ha'Am
Ahikar
Akedah
Akivah
Akkadian
aliyah
allegorical
Amarna Letters
Amidah
amora'
anachronism
anadiplosis
anaphora
anastrophe
Anat
anawim
ancient translations
anthropomorphic
antithesis
antithetic parallelism
aphorism
apologia
apophatic
apostrophe
Arameans
Ark (for the Torah)
Ark of the Covenant
Ashi, Rabbana
Ashkenazi
Assumption of Moses
Astarte
atbash
Atrahasis
Avot
Babylonia
Babylonian exile
Bahya ben Asher
Bar Kappara
Bar Kokhba, Shimeon
Baraita
Base Community
basilica
Bavli, Talmud
BCE
Bedouin
Bel
ben Asher, Aaron
berit
bet midrash
bicolon
Bonfils, Joseph
Booths, Feast of
bulla
Cairo Genizah
calendar
Cambyses
cantillation
casemate
casemate wall
casuistic law
CE
ceramic typology
chaff
chaos
charismatic
Christian Hebraists
chronicle
chronicler
Cisjordan
citadel
clan
Classical Biblical Hebrew
Clement, Letter of
climax
colon
colophon
Community Rule
concordance
Cordovero, Moses ben Jacob
corvée
cosmology
cosmos
Council of Trent
Covenant Code
Covenant Collection
cult
cult prostitute
Cyrus
Cyrus Cylinder
Davidic dynasty
Day of Atonement
defective spelling
derash
derashah
Deuteronomic History
deuteronomic reform
deuteronomistic
dittography
divine warrior
documentary hypothesis
Dov Baer
doxology
dynasty
early Christian writings
ecclesiology
ecumenism
El
Elephantine Papyri
Eliezar, Rabbi
Elijah ben Solomon Zalman
Elohist
encomium
Enki
Enlightenment
Enlil
Enuma Elish
Epiphanes
epithet
eponym
eschatological
ethnology
etiology
euphemism
exhortation
exilarch
Fertile Crescent
festival
festival scrolls
First Temple
Former Prophets
galut
gaon
Gemara
genizah
geonic period
ger
Gikatilla, Yosef ben Abraham
Gilgamesh, Epic of
glean
Graf-Wellhausen Hypothesis
Greek Bible
Guide of the Perplexed
Hag
Hag Sameah
Haggadah of Pesah
halakhah
Halevi, Judah
haplography
Hasmonean Revolt
Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Scriptures
heikhalot rabbati
heikhalot zutari
hellenic
Hellenism
Hellenistic
Hellenize
hendiadys
herem
hermeneutic principles
Hexapla
higher criticism
historical-critical method
Holiness Code
Holiness Collection
holocaust
Holocaust, the
holocausts, altar of
holy war
homiletical
homily
homoioteleuton
hortatory
humanist
humash
Hyksos
hyperbole
hypophora
hypostasis
hypostasization (or hypostatization)
hyssop
Ibn Aknin, Yosef ben Yehudah
Ibn Daud, Abraham
Ibn Ezra, Abraham
Ibn Ezra, Moshe
Idumea
Ignatius, letters of
impurity
Inanna
inclusio
incubation
inerrancy
Ingathering
intercalation
interpolation
interregnum
intertextuality
Ishtar
Isis
Jerome
Jerusalem Talmud
Joseph and Aseneth
Judah
Judah the Prince
Judea
kabbalah
kaddish
Kalam
Karaites
kashering
kashrut
kataphatic
Kedushah
Kethubim
ketiv
Kiddush
Kimhi
kitvei hakodesh
kohen
kosher
lament
Latter Prophets
Laws of Eshnunna
LBH
legate
Lekha Dodi
Letter of Aristeas
levirate marriage
libation
liminal
lingua franca
literal meaning
littoral
Luria, Itzhak
Lurianism
Ma'ariv
Ma'at
maftir
malediction
manumission
Marduk
Martyrdom of Isaiah
maskil
Masorah
Masorete
matriarch
matrilineal
matzah
Megillot
Meir, R.
Mekhilta
Melekh ha-'Olam
Mendelssohn, Moses
merism
merkavah
Merneptah Stele
Merodach
Mesha Stele
metaphor
metonymy
meturgeman
mezuzah
Milcom
Minhah
Minor Prophets
miqra'
Miqra'ot Gedolot
Miqsat Ma'aseh ha-Torah
Mishneh Torah
mitzvah
Mot
motif
Musaf
Musar Movement
mystery religion
narrative
necromancy
Negev
Neoplatonism
Nevi'im
new moon
Noahide laws
Northern Kingdom
notarikon
novel
obelisk
Olam
Old Latin
oracular
Oral Torah
Ovadiah of Bertinoro
oxymoron
parallelism
parashah
pardes
Passover Haggadah
patrilineal
patristic writers
Penitential Psalms
Pentapolis
periphrasis
Persian era
Persian period
personification
Pesah
peshat
Pesikta de Rav Kahan and Pesikta Rabbati
petihta
Pharisaism
Philo Judaeus
philology
Phoenicians
pilpul
Pirkei 'Avot
piyyut
plene spelling
pogrom
polemic
Polycarp, Letter of
potsherd
pre-exilic
primeval history
primogeniture
proem
proleptic
prophetic lawsuit
pseudonymous
Ptolemies
qere
qeri
qinah
qinah
qinah meter
Qoheleth
Qumran community
Rabbanite
Radak
Ralbag
Rambam
Ramban
Rashbam
Rashi
Rav
redactor
resident alien
riv
Roman period
romance
Rosh Ha-Shanah
Rosh Hodesh
Rule of the Community
Saadia Gaon
sackcloth
saga
Samuel ben Hofni
Samuel, Mar
Sea Peoples
Second Temple
sect
Seder
Seder 'Olam
Sefirot
Seleucid Empire
Seleucids
Sephardim
Sforno, Ovadiah ben Yaakov
Shabbat
Shaharit
shalosh regalim
Shavuot
Shem, ha-Shem
Shemini 'Atzeret
Shemoneh 'Esrei
Shephelah
Shepherd of Hermas, the
Shimeon bar Yohai
Shi'ur Komah
Shiv'ah
shofar
Siddur
signet ring
Simhat Torah
simile
Sitz im Leben
sod
sorites
source criticism
Southern Kingdom
Spinoza, Baruch (Benedict)
stoa
stratigraphy
strophe
Sukkot
Sura
suzerain
Symmachus
synecdoche
synonymous parallelism
Synoptic Gospels
synoptic problem
Syriac
Syrohexapla
talion
tallit
Talmud
Tanakh
tanna'
tefillin
tel
teshuvah
Tetrateuch
text
textual criticism
theodicy
Theodotion
Third Isaiah
thresh
threshing floor
Tish'ah be'av
toledoth
tosafist
tosafot
tradition criticism
transcendence
transmission history
Trito-Isaiah
Tzevaot, Yhvh
tzitzit
uncircumcised, the
vassal
Vassal Treaty of Esarhaddon
Vatican II
Vorlage
winnow
wisdom literature
xenophobia
Yahwist
Yehud
Yerushalmi, Talmud
Yhvh
Yose (Yosi, Yossi) ben Halafta
Zohar

Oxford University Press

© 2014. All Rights Reserved. Privacy policy and legal notice