1And the LORD said to Moses, “I will bring but one more plague upon Pharaoh and upon Egypt; after that he shall let you go from here; indeed, when he lets you go, he will drive you out of here one and all. 2Tell the people to borrow, each man from his neighbor and each woman from hers, objects of silver and gold.” 3The LORD disposed the Egyptians favorably toward the people. Moreover, Moses himself was much esteemed in the land of Egypt, among Pharaoh's courtiers and among the people.

4Moses said, “Thus says the LORD: Toward midnight I will go forth among the Egyptians, 5and every first‐born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first‐born of Pharaoh who sits on his throne to the first‐born of the slave girl who is behind the millstones; and all the first‐born of the cattle. 6And there shall be a loud cry in all the land of Egypt, such as has never been or will ever be again; 7but not a dog shall snarl a Others “move (or whet) his tongue.” at any of the Israelites, at man orbeast—in order that you may know that the LORD makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel.

8“Then all these courtiers of yours shall come down to me and bow low to me, saying, ‘Depart, you and all the people who follow you!' After that I will depart.” And he left Pharaoh's presence in hot anger.

9Now the LORD had said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not heed you, in order that My marvels may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.” 10Moses and Aaron had performed all these marvels before Pharaoh, but the LORD had stiffened the heart of Pharaoh so that he would not let the Israelites go from his land.


a Others “move (or whet) his tongue.”