1Hear what the LORD is saying: Come, present [My] case before the mountains, And let the hills hear you pleading. 2Hear, you mountains, the case of the LORD— c‐ Emendation yields “Give ear, you.” You firm ‐c Emendation yields “Give ear, you.” foundations of the earth! For the LORD has a case against His people, He has a suit against Israel. 3“My people! What wrong have I done you? What hardship have I caused you? Testify against Me. 4In fact, I brought you up from the land of Egypt, I redeemed you from the house of bondage, And I sent before you Moses, Aaron, and Miriam. 5“My people, Remember what Balak king of Moab Plotted against you, And how Balaam son of Beor Responded to him. [Recall your passage] From Shittim to Gilgal a I.e., the crossing of the Jordan; see Josh. 3.1, 14–4.19. And you will recognize The gracious acts of the LORD.” 6With what shall I approach the LORD, Do homage to God on high? Shall I approach Him with burnt offerings With calves a year old? 7Would the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, With myriads of streams of oil? Shall I give my first‐born for my transgression, The fruit of my body for my sins? 8“He has told you, O man, what is good, And what the LORD requires of you: Only to do justice And to love goodness, And b‐ Or “It is prudent to serve your God.” to walk modestly with your God; ‐b Or “It is prudent to serve your God.” 9 c‐ Emendation yields “And it is worthwhile to revere His name.” Then will your name achieve wisdom.” ‐c Emendation yields “And it is worthwhile to revere His name.” Hark! The LORD Summons the city: d‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Hear, O scepter; For who can direct her 10but you? ‐;d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Will I overlook, e Taking ish as from nashah “to forget”; cf. Deut. 32.18. in the wicked man's house, The granaries of wickedness And the accursed short ephah? f Cf. Amos 8.4–5. 11Shall he g Heb. “I”; change of vocalization yields “Will I acquit him.” be acquitted despite wicked balances And a bag of fraudulent weights?— 12 h This verse would read well after “city” in v. 9. Whose rich men are full of lawlessness, And whose inhabitants speak treachery, With tongues of deceit in their mouths. 13I, in turn, have beaten you sore, Have stunned [you] for your sins: 14You have been eating without getting your fill, a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. And there is a gnawing at your vitals; You have been conceiving without bearing young, ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. And what you bore I would deliver to the sword. 15You have been sowing, but have nothing to reap; You have trod olives, but have no oil for rubbing, And grapes b Lit. “new wine.” but have no wine to drink. 16Yet c‐ Heb. “is kept.” you have kept ‐c Heb. “is kept.” the laws of Omri And all the practices of the House of Ahab, And have followed what they devised. Therefore I will make you an object of horror And d‐; I.e., those of the city of v. 9 , apparently Samaria. her inhabitants ‐d I.e., those of the city of v. 9 , apparently Samaria. an object of hissing; e See note at Jer. 18.16. And you shall bear the mockery of peoples. f Heb. “My people.”

Notes:

c‐c Emendation yields “Give ear, you.”

a I.e., the crossing of the Jordan; see Josh. 3.1, 14–4.19.

b‐b Or “It is prudent to serve your God.”

c‐c Emendation yields “And it is worthwhile to revere His name.”

d‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

e Taking ish as from nashah “to forget”; cf. Deut. 32.18.

f Cf. Amos 8.4–5.

g Heb. “I”; change of vocalization yields “Will I acquit him.”

h This verse would read well after “city” in v. 9.

a‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

b Lit. “new wine.”

c‐c Heb. “is kept.”

d‐d I.e., those of the city of v. 9 , apparently Samaria.

e See note at Jer. 18.16.

f Heb. “My people.”