Who is this coming from Edom, In crimsoned garments from Bozrah— Who is this, majestic in attire, b‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain; emendation yields “striding.” Pressing forward ‐b Meaning of Heb. uncertain; emendation yields “striding.” in His great might? “It is I, who contend victoriously, Powerful to c‐ Change of vocalization yields “Who contest triumphantly”; cf. 19.20. give triumph.” ‐c Change of vocalization yields “Who contest triumphantly”; cf. 19.20.

1 2Why is your clothing so red, Your garments like his who treads grapes? d Lit. “in a press.” 3“I trod out a vintage alone; e‐ Emendation yields “Peoples, and… Of the peoples ‐e Emendation yields “Peoples, and… no man was with Me. I trod them down in My anger, Trampled them in My rage; Their life‐blood f Meaning of Heb. uncertain. bespattered My garments, And all My clothing was stained. 4For I had planned a day of vengeance, And My year of redemption arrived. 5Then I looked, but there was none to help; I stared, but there was none to aid— So My own arm wrought the triumph, And g‐ Many mss. read weßidqathi “My victorious [right hand]”; cf. 59.16. My own rage ‐g Many mss. read weßidqathi “My victorious [right hand]”; cf. 59.16. was My aid. 6I trampled peoples in My anger, h‐ Many mss. and Targum read “I shattered them in”; cf. 14.25. I made them drunk with ‐h Many mss. and Targum read “I shattered them in”; cf. 14.25. My rage, And I hurled their glory to the ground.”

7I will recount the kind acts of the LORD, The praises of the LORD— For all that the LORD has wrought for us, The vast bounty to the House of Israel That He bestowed upon them According to His mercy and His great kindness. 8He thought: Surely they are My people, Children who will not play false. a‐ Ancient versions read “So He was their Deliverer / 9In all their troubles. / No [so kethib] angel or messenger, / His own Presence delivered them.” Cf. Deut. 4.37 and note. So He was their Deliverer. 9In all their troubles He was troubled, And the angel of His Presence delivered them. ‐a Ancient versions read “So He was their Deliverer / 9In all their troubles. / No [so kethib] angel or messenger, / His own Presence delivered them.” Cf. Deut. 4.37 and note. In His love and pity He Himself redeemed them, Raised them, and exalted them All the days of old. 10But they rebelled, and grieved His holy spirit; Then He became their enemy, And Himself made war against them. 11Then they b Heb. “he.” remembered the ancient days, c‐ Heb. moshe ‘ammo, a play on the name Moshe (Moses). Him, who pulled His people ‐c Heb. moshe ‘ammo, a play on the name Moshe (Moses). out [of the water]: “Where is He who brought them up from the Sea Along with the shepherd d So many mss. and ancient versions; other texts “shepherds.” of His flock? Where is He who put In their midst His holy spirit, 12Who made His glorious arm March at the right hand of Moses, Who divided the waters before them To make Himself a name for all time, 13Who led them through the deeps So that they did not stumble— As a horse in a desert, 14Like a beast descending to the plain?” Twas the spirit of the LORD e‐ Emendation yields “guided them.” gave them rest; ‐e Emendation yields “guided them.” Thus did You shepherd Your people To win for Yourself a glorious name.

15Look down from heaven and see, From Your holy and glorious height! Where is Your zeal, Your power? Your yearning and Your love Are being withheld from us! f Heb. “me.” Emendation yields “[Where are] Your yearning and Your love? / Let them not be restrained!” 16Surely You are our Father: Though Abraham regard us not, And Israel recognize us not, You, O LORD, are our Father; From of old, Your name is “Our Redeemer.” 17Why, LORD, do You make us stray from Your ways, And turn our hearts away from revering You? Relent for the sake of Your servants, The tribes that are Your very own! 18Our foes have trampled Your Sanctuary, Which Your holy people a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. possessed but a little while. ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 19We have become as a people You never ruled, To which Your name was never attached.

If You would but tear open the heavens and come down,

Notes:

b‐b Meaning of Heb. uncertain; emendation yields “striding.”

c‐c Change of vocalization yields “Who contest triumphantly”; cf. 19.20.

d Lit. “in a press.”

e‐e Emendation yields “Peoples, and…

f Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

g‐g Many mss. read weßidqathi “My victorious [right hand]”; cf. 59.16.

h‐h Many mss. and Targum read “I shattered them in”; cf. 14.25.

a‐a Ancient versions read “So He was their Deliverer / 9In all their troubles. / No [so kethib] angel or messenger, / His own Presence delivered them.” Cf. Deut. 4.37 and note.

b Heb. “he.”

c‐c Heb. moshe ‘ammo, a play on the name Moshe (Moses).

d So many mss. and ancient versions; other texts “shepherds.”

e‐e Emendation yields “guided them.”

f Heb. “me.” Emendation yields “[Where are] Your yearning and Your love? / Let them not be restrained!”

a‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.