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Zechariah: Chapter 7

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1In the fourth year of King Darius, the word of the LORD came to Zechariah on the fourth day of the ninth month, which is Chislev. 2Now the people of Bethel had sent Sharezer and Regem‐melech and their men, to entreat the favor of the LORD, 3and to ask the priests of the house of the LORD of hosts and the prophets, “Should I mourn and practice abstinence in the fifth month, as I have done for so many years?” 4Then the word of the LORD of hosts came to me: 5Say to all the people of the land and the priests: When you fasted and lamented in the fifth month and in the seventh, for these seventy years, was it for me that you fasted? 6And when you eat and when you drink, do you not eat and drink only for yourselves? 7Were not these the words that the LORD proclaimed by the former prophets, when Jerusalem was inhabited and in prosperity, along with the towns around it, and when the Negeb and the Shephelah were inhabited?

8The word of the LORD came to Zechariah, saying: 9Thus says the LORD of hosts: Render true judgments, show kindness and mercy to one another; 10do not oppress the widow, the orphan, the alien, or the poor; and do not devise evil in your hearts against one another. 11But they refused to listen, and turned a stubborn shoulder, and stopped their ears in order not to hear. 12They made their hearts adamant in order not to hear the law and the words that the LORD of hosts had sent by his spirit through the former prophets. Therefore great wrath came from the LORD of hosts. 13Just as, when I f Or wave called, they would not hear, so, when they called, I would not hear, says the LORD of hosts, 14and I scattered them wih a whirlwind among all the nations that they had not known. Thus the land they left was desolate, so that no one went to and fro, and a pleasant land was made desolate.

Notes:

f Or wave

Text Commentary view alone

7.1–8.23 : Various oracles.

7.1–14 :

The prophet responds to an inquiry about fasting. For the answer to the specific question about fasting, see 8.18–19 .

1 :

Mid‐November to mid‐December 518 BCE.

2 :

Bethel, ca. 17 km (11 mi) north of Jerusalem.

3 :

Abstinence, lit. “devotion.”

5 :

The Temple at Jerusalem was burned in the fifth month and Gedaliah the governor was murdered in the seventh (2 Kings 25.8–9,25 ). These seventy years, see 1.12n.

7–10 :

An inquiry about fasting becomes an occasion for repeating a central message of the former prophets (e.g., Isa 1.16–17; Jer 7.5–7; Hos 6.6; Am 5.14–15,21–24; Mic 6.8 ).

7 :

The Negeb and the Shephelah, the southern and western regions of Judah.

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