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The Second Letter of Paul to the Thessalonians: Chapter 1

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1Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy,

To the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:

2Grace to you and peace from God our a Other ancient authorities read the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

3We must always give thanks to God for you, brothers and sisters, a Other ancient authorities read the as is right, because your faith is growing abundantly, and the love of everyone of you for one another is increasing. 4Therefore we ourselves boast of you among the churches of God for your steadfastness and faith during all your persecutions and the afflictions that you are enduring.

5This is evidence of the righteous judgment of God, and is intended to make you worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you are also suffering. 6For it is indeed just of God to repay with affliction those who afflict you, 7and to give relief to the afflicted as well as to us, when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with his mighty angels 8in flaming fire, inflicting vengeance on those who do not know God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. 9These will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, separated from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might, 10when he comes to be glorified by his saints and to be marveled at on that day among all who have believed, because our testimony to you was believed. 11To this end we always pray for you, asking that our God will make you worthy of his call and will fulfill by his power every good resolve and work of faith, 12so that the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Notes:

a Other ancient authorities read the

Text Commentary view alone

1.1–2 : Salutation.

The epistolary opening is similar to the one in 1 Thess with the exception of a longer greeting.

1 :

On Silvanus and Timothy, see 1 Thess 1.1 .

1.3–10 : A thanksgiving prayer with apocalyptic expectations.

One long sentence in Greek, this thanksgiving prayer (cf. 2.13 ) relates the community's progress and concludes with an apocalyptic commentaryon the vindication of the believers.

3–4 :

2 Thess, like 1 Thess (cf. 1 Thess 1.3n. ), has a triad, but 2 Thessspeaks of faith, love, and steadfastness (not hope).

4 :

Both persecutions and afflictions refer to suffering,but the first, with a focus on external suffering, is more specific than the latter.

7–10 :

Vivid descriptionsfirst applied to God in the Hebrew Bible now communicate something about the end‐time appearance ofJesus (cf. the angels in Zech 14.5 ; the flaming fire in Isa 66.15–16 ; glorified in Ps 89.7 ).

10 :

The writer's allusion to that day anticipates 2.1–12 , a refutation of the claim that the day of the Lord had already occurred.

1.11–12 : God's election.

In prayer form, the writer describes God's role in bringing to fruition a callin the believers' lives.

12 :

Again, the writer draws on Isaiah ( 66.5 ), but avers that Jesus (not God, as inIsaiah) will be glorified.

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