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1 Chronicles: Chapter 26

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1As for the divisions of the gatekeepers: of the Korahites, Meshelemiah son of Kore, of the sons of Asaph. 2Meshelemiah had sons: Zechariah the firstborn, Jediael the second, Zebadiah the third, Jathniel the fourth, 3Elam the fifth, Jehohanan the sixth, Eliehoenai the seventh. 4Obed‐edom had sons: Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second, Joah the third, Sachar the fourth, Nethanel the fifth, 5Ammiel the sixth, Issachar the seventh, Peullethai the eighth; for God blessed him. 6Also to his son Shemaiah sons were born who exercised authority in their ancestral houses, for they were men of great ability. 7The sons of Shemaiah: Othni, Rephael, Obed, and Elzabad, whose brothers were able men, Elihu and Semachiah. 8All these, sons of Obed‐edom with their sons and brothers, were able men qualified for the service; sixty‐two of Obed‐edom. 9Meshelemiah had sons and brothers, able men, eighteen. 10Hosah, of the sons of Merari, had sons: Shimri the chief (for though he was not the firstborn, his father made him chief), 11Hilkiah the second, Tebaliah the third, Zechariah the fourth: all the sons and brothers of Hosah totaled thirteen.

12These divisions of the gatekeepers, corresponding to their leaders, had duties, just as their kindred did, ministering in the house of the LORD; 13and they cast lots by ancestral houses, small and great alike, for their gates. 14The lot for the east fell to Shelemiah. They cast lots also for his son Zechariah, a prudent counselor, and his lot came out for the north. 15Obed‐edom's came out for the south, and to his sons was allotted the storehouse. 16For Shuppim and Hosah it came out for the west, at the gate of Shallecheth on the ascending road. Guard corresponded to guard. 17On the east there were six Levites each day, a Or Asarelah; see 25.2 on the north four each day, on the south four each day, as well as two and two at the storehouse; 18and for the colonnade b Gk: Heb lacks each day on the west there were four at the road and two at the colonnade. b Gk: Heb lacks each day 19These were the divisions of the gatekeepers among the Korahites and the sons of Merari.

20And of the Levites, Ahijah had charge of the treasuries of the house of God and the treasuries of the dedicated gifts. 21The sons of Ladan, the sons of the Gershonites belonging to Ladan, the heads of families belonging to Ladan the Gershonite: Jehieli. c Heb parbar: meaning uncertain

22The sons of Jehieli, Zetham and his brother Joel, were in charge of the treasuries of the house of the LORD. 23Of the Amramites, the Izharites, the Hebronites, and the Uzzielites: 24Shebuel son of Gershom, son of Moses, was chief officer in charge of the treasuries. 25His brothers: from Eliezer were his son Rehabiah, his son Jeshaiah, his son Joram, his son Zichri, and his son Shelomoth. 26This Shelomoth and his brothers were in charge of all the treasuries of the dedicated gifts that King David, and the heads of families, and the officers of the thousands and the hundreds, and the commanders of the army, had dedicated. 27From booty won in battles they dedicated gifts for the maintenance of the house of the LORD. 28Also all that Samuel the seer, and Saul son of Kish, and Abner son of Ner, and Joab son of Zeruiah had dedicated—all dedicated gifts were in the care of Shelomoth d The Hebrew text of verse 21 is confused and his brothers.

29Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were appointed to outside duties for Israel, as officers and judges. 30Of the Hebronites, Hashabiah and his brothers, one thousand seven hundred men of ability, had the oversight of Israel west of the Jordan for all the work of the LORD and for the service of the king. 31Of the Hebronites, Jerijah was chief of the Hebronites. (In the fortieth year of David's reign search was made, of whatever genealogy or family, and men of great ability among them were found at Jazer in Gilead.) 32King David appointed him and his brothers, two thousand seven hundred men of ability, heads of families, to have the oversight of the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half‐tribe of the Manassites for everything pertaining to God and for the affairs of the king.

Notes:

b Or Asarelah; see 25.2

a Gk: Heb lacks each day

b Heb parbar: meaning uncertain

c The Hebrew text of verse 21 is confused

Text Commentary view alone

26.1–19 : The gatekeepers.

Part of David's administrative organization involves the gatekeepers, whom the Chronicler counts as Levites (cf. Ezra 2.42,70; Neh 11.19 ). Sanctuary guards were active in David's earlier reign when David transported the ark ( 15.18,23–24; 16.38,42; 23.5 ). Along with performing guard duty, the gatekeepers open the Temple in the morning; administer the use of the vessels, including the holy utensils; take charge of the flour, wine, spices, and oil ( 9.17–32 ); and perform administrative service on behalf of the king (2 Chr 31.14; 34.13 ).

13 :

Because the lottery was held to determine which family was to serve at which gate, the number of members within a particular family did not determine or affect the process of selection.

16 :

Shuppim, perhaps a scribal error, repeating the previous word. Gate of Shallecheth, the name occurs only here, and may also be a scribal error.

26.20–32 : Treasurers, regional officials, and judges.

Israel's leadership makes the task of Solomon easier by endowing the Temple and organizing its finances. The Levites also take on broad responsibilities, such as oversight of Israel west of the Jordan as officers and judges (vv. 29–30; cf. 23.3–5; 2 Chr 17.2; 19.5 ).

31 :

Fortieth year, i.e., David's last; see 29.27 .

32 :

The (Persian period) distinction between matters pertaining to the king and matters pertaining to God is found only in Chronicles ( 26.30,32; 2 Chr 19.11 ) and Ezra (7.26).

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