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The Second Letter Of Paul to the Thessalonians: Chapter 1

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1Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy,

To the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:

2Grace to you and peace from God our a Other ancient authorities read the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

3We must always give thanks to God for you, brothers and sisters, b Gk brothers as is right, because your faith is growing abundantly, and the love of everyone of you for one another is increasing. 4Therefore we ourselves boast of you among the churches of God for your steadfastness and faith during all your persecutions and the afflictions that you are enduring.

5This is evidence of the righteous judgment of God, and is intended to make you worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you are also suffering. 6For it is indeed just of God to repay with affliction those who afflict you, 7and to give relief to the afflicted as well as to us, when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with his mighty angels 8in flaming fire, inflicting vengeance on those who do not know God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. 9These will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, separated from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might, 10when he comes to be glorified by his saints and to be marveled at on that day among all who have believed, because our testimony to you was believed. 11To this end we always pray for you, asking that our God will make you worthy of his call and will fulfill by his power every good resolve and work of faith, 12so that the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Notes:

a Other ancient authorities read the

b Gk brothers

Text Commentary view alone
Commentary spanning earlier chapters

2.1–15 :

A refutation. False teaching about the day of the Lord is stated (vv. 1–2 ) and refuted (vv. 3–12 ). In contrast is thanksgiving for the different fate of believers (vv. 13–15 ), who hold on to the truth (v. 13 ), the proclamation, and the traditions (vv. 14–15 ).

3 :

Lawless one, perhaps a false prophet * or one of the emperors.

6–7 :

The identity of the unknown one restraining the lawless one is impossible to determine, but the conflict between the two belongs to what must occur before the day of the Lord.

13 :

We must always give thanks; see 1.3 .

15 :

Stand firm, see 1 Thess 3.8 .

3.1–15 :

Commands and exhortations. * Two sets of commands and encouragements to virtue (vv. 1–4 and 6–15 ) surround a prayer (v. 5 ).

1 :

Finally, the last section of the letter.

6–15 :

Commands and exhortations to the entire community (vv. 6–10 ) and to the offending figures in the congregation (vv. 11–12 ) precede a command on how to deal with the disobedient (vv. 13–15 ).

6 :

In idleness could also mean “in disorderliness.” Apparently expecting the Lord to return very soon, some in the congregation stopped working.

1.1–2 :

Epistolary opening. The greeting is similar to 1 Thessalonians but longer. On Silvanus and Timothy, see 1 Thess 1.1 .

1.3–12 .

3–10 :

Perseverance and future vindication. This long sentence includes a thanksgiving (vv. 3–4 ) and a commentary on affliction (vv. 5–10 ).

3–4 :

The thanksgiving report relates the community's progress and steadfastness.

4 :

Persecutionsafflictions, both mean suffering, but the first, external suffering, is more specific. They may mean the woes of the end time; see Dan 12.1 .

5–10 :

These verses teach that suffering is a sign of being chosen and that those who suffer will be vindicated at the judgment. That day anticipates 2.1–12 , which refutes those who think their recent afflictions mean that the “day of the Lord” has already appeared.

7–10 :

Descriptions of God in the Hebrew Scriptures * and other Jewish writings now apply to Jesus (see the angels in Zech 14.5; 1 Enoch 1.9 ; flaming fire in Isa 66.15–16 ; glorified in Ps 89.7 ).

11–12 :

A prayer. These verses are the letter's main teaching. Resolve, work of faith anticipate the refutations in 2.1–12 and 3.1–15 .

12 :

See Isaiah 66.5 , but it is Jesus who will be glorified.

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