Son of Josiah; he was imposed upon the nation as king of Judah in 609 BCE by the Egyptian Pharaoh Neco, who changed his name from Eliakim; but when the Babylonians defeated the Egyptians at Carchemish in 605 (Jer. 46: 2), Jehoiakim found himself a vassal of Babylon. Unwisely, he rebelled (2 Kgs. 24: 1)—contrary to the advice of Jeremiah—and Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem shortly after Jehoiakim died.