A rabbi of great influence who taught in the time of Jesus. He was liberal and lenient in his interpretation of the oral law; and his followers, who were prominent after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE, were distinguished from the more rigorous school of Shammai. The controversy within Judaism may be reflected in Mark 2: 16 and Mark 7: 1–8. Hillel is famous for the dictum: ‘What you hate, do not do to your fellow; that is the whole Torah, while all the rest is commentary.’