Built on the coast by Herod the Great in honour of Caesar Augustus; it became the official residence of Roman prefects. Its inhabitants were both Jews and Gentiles, and the Christian way was brought there by Philip (Acts 8: 40; 21: 8). Peter became aware of the equality of Jews and Gentiles in the Church by being summoned to Caesarea by Cornelius, a centurion and a Gentile Godā€fearer. Paul was taken to Caesarea for trial (Acts 23: 23).