The stranger, or sojourner (AV) of OT times, was a resident foreigner, who was given legal protection (Deut. 1: 16) but required to observe Israelite law (Lev. 16: 29). By the 1st cent. CE the term and the regulations were applied to proselytes, Gentiles converted to full acceptance of Judaism (Acts 2: 10; cf. Matt. 23: 15), or sometimes just to a person unknown (John 10: 5).