Successor of King David, and his son by Bathsheba; installed on the throne through the intervention of Nathan the prophet (1 Kgs. 1: 23). He reigned from about 962 to 922 BCE. He was an administrative reformer (1 Kgs. 4: 7–19) and international activist and according to the exaggeration of the narrative, lived in magnificent style and was the owner of ships that travelled far and wide in search of exotic commodities. He fortified Jerusalem and entertained 700 wives and 300 concubines. Solomon acquired a reputation for sagacity (1 Kgs. 4: 30), and the book of Proverbs is traditionally ascribed to him. Although Solomon built the first Temple, he was no monotheist, for he also permitted local shrines at ‘high places’. In his international policy he provoked hostility from three neighbouring peoples, who sought help from Egypt (1 Kgs. 11: 21). This religious syncretism and foreign opposition led to enemies both within and outside the kingdom and contributed to its disruption soon after Solomon's death.