The capital of Assyria, on the eastern bank of the River Tigris, and once the most powerful city in the world; but it was captured by the Babylonians and Medes in 612 BCE. The city's end was expected by Zephaniah (2: 13–15) and Nahum, whose whole book is aimed against the ‘city of bloodshed’ (Nahum 3: 1), which will be devoured as the locust devastates the harvest (3: 15). The prophet Jonah was said to have preached at Nineveh (Jonah 3: 3; Luke 11: 30).