A people who rose to power in the Near East, and captured Nineveh in 612 BCE, but were conquered by Cyrus and became part of the Persian Empire in 549 BCE. During the Exile they were expected by Jeremiah (51: 11) to be God's instrument for punishing Babylon. Dan. 5: 31 and 11: 1 supposes that the Medes fulfilled this prophecy before the rise of the Persians, which is unhistorical. In NT times Media included a Jewish population (Acts 2: 9).