Also “shewbread” (KJV) or “bread of the Presence” (NRSV). The showbread in the tabernacle and Temple lay on a table in the holy place and was replaced weekly (1 Sam. 21.6; cf. Exod 25.30; 1 Chron. 9.32; 2 Chron. 13.11). Made of choice flour, topped with pure frankincense, and arranged in two rows of six loaves each, the showbread was to be eaten only by the Aaronid priests (Lev. 24.5–9). The giving of showbread by the priest of Nob to David and his men was therefore exceptional (1 Sam. 21.1–6; Matt. 12.3–4 par.).

Gary N. Knoppers