1From the wilderness of Sin the whole Israelite community continued by stages as the LORD would command. They encamped at Rephidim, and there was no water for the people to drink. 2The people quarreled with Moses. “Give us water to drink,” they said; and Moses replied to them, “Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you try the LORD?” 3But the people thirsted there for water; and the people grumbled against Moses and said, “Why did you bring us up from Egypt, to kill us and our children and livestock with thirst?” 4Moses cried out to the LORD, saying, “What shall I do with this people? Before long they will be stoning me!” 5Then the LORD said to Moses, “Pass before the people; take with you some of the elders of Israel, and take along the rod with which you struck the Nile, and set out. 6I will be standing there before you on the rock at Horeb. Strike the rock and water will issue from it, and the people will drink.” And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7The place was named Massah a I.e., “Trial.” and Meribah, b I.e., “Quarrel.” because the Israelites quarreled and because they tried the LORD, saying, “Is the LORD present among us or not?”

8Amalek came and fought with Israel at Rephidim. 9Moses said to Joshua, “Pick some men for us, and go out and do battle with Amalek. Tomorrow I will station myself on the top of the hill, with the rod of God in my hand.” 10Joshua did as Moses told him and fought with Amalek, while Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11Then, whenever Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed; but whenever he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed. 12But Moses' hands grew heavy; so they took a stone and put it under him and he sat on it, whileAaron and Hur, one on each side, supported his hands; thus his hands remained steady until the sun set. 13And Joshua overwhelmed the people of Amalek a Lit. “Amalek and his people.” with the sword.

14Then the LORD said to Moses, “Inscribe this in a document as a reminder, and read it aloud to Joshua: I will utterly blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven!” 15And Moses built an altar and named it Adonai‐nissi. b I.e., “The Lord is my banner.” 16He said, “It means, ‘Hand upon the throne c Meaning of Heb. kes uncertain. of the LORD!' The LORD will be at war with Amalek throughout the ages.”


a I.e., “Trial.”

b I.e., “Quarrel.”

a Lit. “Amalek and his people.”

b I.e., “The Lord is my banner.”

c Meaning of Heb. kes uncertain.