The Fall of Jerusalem

1Woe to Ariel, Ariel,* the city where David encamped! Add year to year, let the feasts come round. j 2 Sm 5, 9 . 2But I will bring distress upon Ariel, with mourning and grief. You shall be to me like Ariel, k Is 33, 7 . 3I will encamp like David against you; I will encircle you with outposts and set up siege works against you. l 2 Kgs 25, 1; Ez 4, 2 . 4Prostrate you shall speak from the earth, and from the base dust your words shall come. Your voice shall be like a ghost's from the earth, and your words like chirping* from the dust. 5The horde of your arrogant shall be like fine dust, the horde of the tyrants like flying chaff. Then suddenly, in an instant, m Is 17, 13; Ps 18, 43; Jb 21, 18 . 6you shall be visited by the LORD of hosts, With thunder, earthquake, and great noise, whirlwind, storm, and the flame of consuming fire.

7Then like a dream,* a vision in the night, Shall be the horde of all the nations who war against Ariel with all the earthworks of her besiegers. 8As when a hungry man dreams he is eating and awakens with an empty stomach, Or when a thirsty man dreams he is drinking and awakens faint and dry, So shall the horde of all the nations be, who make war against Zion.

Blindness and Perversity

9Be irresolute, stupefied;* blind yourselves and stay blind! Be drunk, but not from wine, stagger, but not from strong drink! n Is 19, 14; 28, 7f . 10For the LORD has poured out on you a spirit of deep sleep. He has shut your eyes [the prophets] and covered your heads [the seers]. o Is 6, 10; Rom 11, 8 .

Blindness and Perversity 11For you the revelation of all this has become like the words of a sealed scroll. When it is handed to one who can read, with the request, “Read this,” he replies, “I cannot; it is sealed.” p Dn 12, 4 . 12When it is handed to one who cannot read, with the request, “Read this,” he replies, “I cannot read.”

13The Lord said: Since this people draws near with words only and honors me with their lips alone, though their hearts are far from me, And their reverence for me has become routine observance of the precepts of men, q Ez 33, 31; Mt 15, 8f; Mk 7, 6f . 14Therefore I will again deal with this people in surprising and wondrous fashion: The wisdom of its wise men shall perish and the understanding of its prudent men be hid. r Jer 49, 7; 1 Cor 1, 19 . 15Woe to those who would hide their plans too deep for the LORD! Who work in the dark, saying, “Who sees us, or who knows us?” s Is 30, 1; Ez 8, 12; Jn 3, 19f . 16Your perversity is as though the potter were taken to be the clay: As though what is made should say of its maker, “He made me not!” Or the vessel should say of the potter, “He does not understand.” t Is 45, 9; Jer 18, 6; Rom 9, 20 .

Redemption*

17But a very little while, and Lebanon shall be changed into an orchard, and the orchard be regarded as a forest! u Is 32, 15 . 18On that day the deaf shall hear the words of a book; And out of gloom and darkness, the eyes of the blind shall see. v Is 35, 5; 42, 6f . 19The lowly will ever find joy in the LORD, and the poor rejoice in the Holy One of Israel. w Is 61, 1 . 20For the tyrant will be no more and the arrogant will have gone; All who are alert to do evil will be cut off, x Is 28, 22 . 21those whose mere word condemns a man, Who ensnare his defender at the gate, and leave the just man with an empty claim. y Am 5, 10. 12 . 22Therefore thus says the LORD the God of the house of Jacob, who redeemed Abraham:* Now Jacob shall have nothing to be ashamed of, nor shall his face grow pale. z Is 45, 17 . 23When his children see the work of my hands in his midst, They shall keep my name holy; they shall reverence the Holy One of Jacob, and be in awe of the God of Israel. 24Those who err in spirit shall acquire understanding, and those who find fault shall receive instruction.

Notes:

j: 2 Sm 5, 9 .

k: Is 33, 7 .

l: 2 Kgs 25, 1; Ez 4, 2 .

m: Is 17, 13; Ps 18, 43; Jb 21, 18 .

n: Is 19, 14; 28, 7f .

o: Is 6, 10; Rom 11, 8 .

p: Dn 12, 4 .

q: Ez 33, 31; Mt 15, 8f; Mk 7, 6f .

r: Jer 49, 7; 1 Cor 1, 19 .

s: Is 30, 1; Ez 8, 12; Jn 3, 19f .

t: Is 45, 9; Jer 18, 6; Rom 9, 20 .

u: Is 32, 15 .

v: Is 35, 5; 42, 6f .

w: Is 61, 1 .

x: Is 28, 22 .

y: Am 5, 10. 12 .

z: Is 45, 17 .