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Chapter 1

Israel's Sinfulness. 1The vision* which Isaiah, son of Amoz, had concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

2Hear, O heavens, and listen, O earth, for the LORD speaks: Sons have I raised and reared, but they have disowned me! a Dt 32, 1. 5f . 3An ox knows its owner, and an ass, its master's manger; But Israel * does not know, my people has not understood. 4Ah! sinful nation, people laden with wickedness, evil race, corrupt children! They have forsaken the LORD, spurned the Holy One of Israel, * apostatized. b Is 5, 24; Dt 32, 15 . 5Where would you yet be struck,* you that rebel again and again? The whole head is sick, the whole heart faint. 6From the sole of the foot to the head there is no sound spot: Wound and welt and gaping gash, not drained, or bandaged, or eased with salve. 7Your country is waste, your cities burnt with fire; Your land before your eyes strangers devour [a waste, like Sodom overthrown— 8And daughter Zion* is left like a hut in a vineyard, Like a shed in a melon patch, like a city blockaded. 9Unless the LORD of hosts* had left us a scanty remnant, We had become as Sodom, we should be like Gomorrah. c Rom 9, 29 . 10Hear the word of the LORD, princes of Sodom! Listen to the instruction of our God, people of Gomorrah! 11What care I for the number of your sacrifices?* says the LORD. I have had enough of whole‐burnt rams and fat of fatlings; In the blood of calves, lambs and goats I find no pleasure. d Ps 50, 8–13; Sir 34, 19; Mi 6, 7 .

12When you come in to visit me, who asks these things of you? 13Trample my courts no more! Bring no more worthless offerings; your incense is loathsome to me. New moon and sabbath, calling of assemblies, octaves with wickedness:* these I cannot bear. e Prv 15, 8; Jer 6, 20 . 14Your new moons and festivals I detest; they weigh me down, I tire of the load. 15When you spread out your hands,* I close my eyes to you; Though you pray the more, I will not listen. Your hands are full of blood! f Prv 1, 28; Sir 34, 21–25 . 16Wash yourselves clean! Put away your misdeeds from before my eyes; cease doing evil; 17learn to do good. Make justice your aim: redress the wronged, hear the orphan's plea, defend the widow. g Ex 23, 6; Dt 24, 17; Sir 4, 9f; Jer 22, 3; Ez 22, 7; Zec 7, 9f . 18Come now, let us set things right, says the LORD: Though your sins be like scarlet, they may become white as snow; Though they be crimson red, they may become white as wool. h Ps 51, 9 . 19If you are willing, and obey, you shall eat the good things of the land; 20But if you refuse and resist, the sword shall consume you: for the mouth of the LORD has spoken!

21How has she turned adulteress, the faithful city, so upright!* Justice used to lodge within her, but now, murderers. i Jer 3, 8; Hos 2, 7 . 22Your silver is turned to dross, your wine is mixed with water. 23Your princes are rebels and comrades of thieves; Each one of them loves a bribe and looks for gifts. The fatherless they defend not, and the widow's plea does not reach them. j Ex 23, 8; Dt 16, 19 . 24Now, therefore, says the Lord, the LORD of hosts, the Mighty One of Israel: Ah! I will take vengeance on my foes and fully repay my enemies! k Dt 32, 41 . 25I will turn my hand against you, and refine your dross in the furnace, removing all your alloy. 26I will restore your judges as at first, and your counselors as in the beginning; After that you shall be called city of justice, faithful city. l Jer 33, 7ff; Zec 8, 3 .

27Zion shall be redeemed by judgment, and her repentant ones by justice.* 28Rebels and sinners alike shall be crushed, those who desert the LORD shall be consumed. 29You shall be ashamed of the terebinths which you prized, and blush for the groves which you chose.* 30You shall become like a tree with falling leaves, like a garden that has no water. 31The strong man shall turn to tow, and his work shall become a spark; Both shall burn together, and there shall be none to quench the flames.


a: Dt 32, 1. 5f .

b: Is 5, 24; Dt 32, 15 .

c: Rom 9, 29 .

d: Ps 50, 8–13; Sir 34, 19; Mi 6, 7 .

e: Prv 15, 8; Jer 6, 20 .

f: Prv 1, 28; Sir 34, 21–25 .

g: Ex 23, 6; Dt 24, 17; Sir 4, 9f; Jer 22, 3; Ez 22, 7; Zec 7, 9f .

h: Ps 51, 9 .

i: Jer 3, 8; Hos 2, 7 .

j: Ex 23, 8; Dt 16, 19 .

k: Dt 32, 41 .

l: Jer 33, 7ff; Zec 8, 3 .

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