We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Select Bible Use this Lookup to open a specific Bible and passage. Start here to select a Bible.
Make selected Bible the default for Lookup tool.
Book: Ch.V. Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
:
OR
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result

The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Related Content

Commentary on Psalms

Previous
Jump to: Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
Next
Text Commentary side-by-side

Ps. 99 :

The final kingship psalm. Much of vv. 1–4 is similar to the previous kingship psalms, while vv. 5–9 , framed by a refrain and focused on prophetic intercession and divine response, are unique.

1 :

Quaking of people and nature accompanies theophanies (Exod. 19.16, 18 ). Enthroned on cherubim refers to God's presence in the Temple, where the Ark serves as His throne (see 1 Sam. 4.4 n. ). This kingship psalm, more than the others, focuses on God's presence in the Jerusalem Temple (vv. 5, 9 ) in Zion (v. 2 ).

2 :

God is exalted over all peoples, rather than greater than other gods, as in 95.3; 96.4; 97.9 , though some LXX manuscripts here read “gods, divine beings” rather than peoples.

3 :

Great and awesome are also paired in the kingship psalms 47.3 and 96.4 . He is holy! may be the actual words of praise; see Isa. 6.3 , where the seraphs declare: “Holy, holy, holy! The LORD of Hosts! His presence fills all the earth!”

4 :

Similar themes and vocabulary are used in 97.2 and 98.9 .

5 :

The typical call to worship. Several LXX manuscripts suggest that “ki,” “for” has been lost before He is holy (see the parallel in v. 9 ); this would fit the typical pattern (see introduction to Ps. 95). The footstool is the Ark (see 1 Chron. 28.2 ); the phrase is only known in exilic and later literature (Isa. 66.1; Lam. 2.1 ).

6 :

In contrast to the Priestly tradition, Moses is viewed as a priest. The singling out of Samuel as an intercessor is somewhat surprising, though he sometimes has that role in Samuel (e.g., 1 Sam. 19.5, 9 ). Priests and prophets, but no king is mentioned; perhaps this highlights the incomparable nature of God's kingship.

8 :

This v. is puzzling; it seems to telescope, with some changes, the traditions preserved elsewhere in the Bible. Moses and Samuel also appear together as intercessors in Jer. 15.1 . God does not appear in a pillar of cloud to Samuel. Decrees in reference to Samuel may mean laws pertaining to the monarchy (1 Sam. 8.9, 11; 10.25 ). This v. seems to be an oblique request for a divine answer for the psalmist. It is one of many biblical reuses of the divine attributes of Exod. 34.6–7 ; specifically You were a forgiving God for them reflects “forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin,” while but You exacted retribution for their misdeeds reworks “yet He does not remit all punishment.”

9 :

Although the phrase holy hill is found in Psalms (e.g., 15.1), it predominates in Deutero‐Isaiah (e.g., 56.7), offering a final connection between that prophet and the kingship psalms.

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2020. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice