Rulers of the earth: lit. rulers in general; compare
. But the real addressees were Alexandrian Jews.
Here and in subsequent passages (
), Wisdom attains the highest personification in the Bible.
Discipline in Wisdom literature means religious instruction and correction.
Heart: the center of intellect and will. Inmost being: lit. “kidneys,” considered as the center of emotion and instinct. Together they signify each person's inner forces.
The fact that God's spirit fills the whole earth guarantees the assertion in v. 6
that God knows and will punish all transgressions. Spirit is identified with Wisdom; compare Col. 1.17; Heb. 1.3
See 2.23–24 and Ezek. 33.11
The godless are renegade Jews, the author's real opponents, for whom life is completely this-worldly, ended by death. See Isa. 28.15
for the image of a “pact” with death.
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