Silvanus is the Latinized form of the name “Silas” used in Acts, for example, Acts 15.39
see 1 Cor. 16.10 n., Acts 16.1–3
. Of all his coworkers Timothy is the one most frequently mentioned by Paul. The letter is written in the name of all three,
yet Paul is clearly the principal writer; see 3.5; 5.27
. Grace … peace:
see Rom. 1.7 n.
The power of the Holy Spirit may refer not only to the force inherent in the apostolic preaching, but also to certain miracles accompanying it; see Rom. 15.19
Paul comforts the Thessalonians in their grave suffering by the example set by Paul and Jesus.
Macedonia: the Roman province in northern Greece of which Thessalonica was the capital. Achaia: the province in southern Greece from which Paul writes.
The expectation of the early return of the resurrected Jesus is a dominant motif in the letter. Confidently to wait for Jesus' appearance from heaven is made possible by faith in his resurrection.
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