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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

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Commentary on The Second Book of Samuel

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1.1–5.25 : David acquires the kingship.

This is the concluding section of the history of the rise of David (see 1 Sam. 16.1–2 Sam. 5.25 n. ). Though strongly favorable toward David, it is a fine piece of balanced historical writing.

1.1–27 : David learns of Saul's death.

Throughout the account of his rise David is viewed as maintaining scrupulous loyalty toward Saul. That emphasis here reaches its strongest expression.

1 :

The narrative resumes from the end of 1 Sam. ch. 30 .

2 :

Compare the messenger in 1 Sam. 4.12 .

6 :

On Saul's spear, see 1 Sam. 26.9–11 n.

8 :

The Amalekite was a mercenary in the Israelite army.

14 :

On the LORD's anointed, see 1 Sam. 24.4–7 n.

17–27 :

Since David was a harpist (1 Sam. 16.14–23 ) this dirge may indeed go back to him. It is lyric poetry without any particular religious aspect.

18 :

Jashar: “Upright.” On the Book of Jashar see Josh. 10.13 n. Its contents may have been taught to the people, probably by recitation at assemblies and festivals.

20 :

Uncircumcised: see 1 Sam 14.6 n.

21 :

The place of Saul's death should be afflicted with drought. The leather shields were kept in good condition with oil.

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