We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Select Bible Use this Lookup to open a specific Bible and passage. Start here to select a Bible.
Make selected Bible the default for Lookup tool.
Book: Ch.V. Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
:
OR
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result

The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Related Content

Commentary on The Revelation of John

Previous
Jump to: Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
Next
Text Commentary side-by-side

12.1–17 : The woman, child, and dragon.

The struggle between Satan and God's people is described in imagery possibly drawn from a widespread ancient myth.

1 :

Here, the woman represents Israel from whom Jesus sprang (v. 5 ). Twelve stars: the twelve tribes.

2 :

The anguish of her labour: see Isa. 66.7; Mic. 4.9–10 .

3 :

A great, fiery red dragon: Satan (see v. 9 ; compare descriptions of the beast in 13.1 ). Ten horns: see Dan. 7.7 .

5 :

A male child: Jesus, destined to rule all nations (see 2.27; 19.15; Ps. 2.9 ); reference is made only to his birth and ascension!

6 :

The woman, now probably seen as Jewish Christians, is to be safe during the three and a half years of Satan's persecution (see v. 14; 11.2 n. ; compare Mk. 13.14–20 ).

7–17 :

Though still active for a short time (vv. 12, 14 ), the dragon is portrayed as defeated (see Lk. 10.18; Jn. 12.31 ).

7 :

The archangel Michael is Israel's champion (see Dan. 10.13, 21; 12.1 ).

9 :

That ancient serpent: an allusion to Gen. 3.1, 14–15 .

10 :

The accuser: Satan; see Job 1.6–12; Zech. 3.1 .

11 :

Sacrifice of the lamb: lit. blood; see 5.9 n.

12 :

Rejoice, you heavens: compare Isa. 44.23; 49.13 .

14 :

Wings of a mighty eagle: see Exod. 19.4 .

17 :

The rest of her offspring (probably Gentile Christians): Jewish Christians are “sealed” but others must bear “the great ordeal” (compare ch. 7 ).

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2019. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice