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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

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Commentary on The First Letter of Peter

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1.1–2 : Salutation.

Christians are temporary residents of this world, for they belong to God; see 2.9–10 . Sprinkling with his blood refers to baptism into Christ's death; see Heb. 9.13–14 .

1.3–9 : The new birth.

4 :

Our inheritance is God's continuing love, accepted through baptism.

5 :

Salvation is sure, but comes fully only in the future.

6 :

The trials faced by Christians could include even persecution; see Introduction.

1.10–12 : The testimony of the prophets.

Salvation has always been God's purpose; even the prophets preached the gospel; see 1.23–25 .

1.13–2.10 : The responsibilities of obedient children.

13–16 :

Hope should conform one's life to the holiness of God; see Lev. 11.44–45; Eph. 2.1–3 .

17 :

Father: the Lord's Prayer.

20 :

See 1.10–12 n.

21 :

See 1.2–3 .

22 :

Now … purified: in baptism; see vv. 1–2 n., 4 n.

25 :

The gospel is that God remains active for salvation (Isa. 40.6–9 ); see 1.10–12 .

2.2 :

Pure…milk: the Lord's goodness ( 2.3 ); see Ps. 34.8 .

4 :

The living stone: the risen Christ; see Ps. 118.22; Isa. 8.14; 28.16 , passages frequently applied to Christ in the early church.

5 :

Since Christ is a new temple, replacing the one in Jerusalem (see Jn. 2.19–22 ), Christians are its living stones, and are a new priesthood, replacing the Jerusalem priests. Spiritual sacrifices: Christian obedience (see Rom. 12.1 ).

6 :

Isa. 28.16 .

7 :

Ps. 118.22 .

8 :

Unbelievers will be judged; see Isa. 8.14–15 .

9–10 :

See the images in Isa. 43.20–21; Exod. 19.6; Hos. chs. 1–2 . God's people are not passive.

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