Nineveh: see Introduction. Nahum means “comforteo.” The location of Elkosh is unknown.
An across; see Introduction. The imagery is cosmic in character (e.g. whirlwind, storm, sea, earth, flood, darkness); the victory over the unnamed but universal enemy is also in a cosmic setting.
Bashan: east of the Jordan. Carmel: a mountain range on the northern coast. Lebanon: mountains northwest of Canaan. All three places were notably fertile.
Fire and rocks dislodged: frequent images of the LORD's appearance (see e.g. Mic. 1.4
Wicked counsellor: obscure; probably no specific individual is meant, unless it is Sennacherib, as some interpreters would have it.
Judah was Assyria's vassal from about 734 until into Josiah's reign (640–609 B.C.E.).
There on the mountains: compare Isa. 52.7
. Pilgrim-feasts: the three yearly festivals of Exod. 23.14–17; 34.23
Here, as elsewhere, the restoration of Israel, exiled after being overrun in 721 B.C.E., is predicted.
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