Micah means “Who is like?” and is probably a contraction of Micaiah, “Who is like the LORD?” Moresheth: a town in Judah, about twenty-three miles southwest of Jerusalem. The names of the kings date the man Micah between about
740 and 700 B.C.E.
Samaria: the capital of Israel, conquered by Assyria in 721 B.C.E.
Several of the poems accuse leaders, others deal with the people.
walks on the earth to destroy Samaria and Jerusalem.
The crime committed appears in v. 7
When a city was razed by an enemy, the site was leveled by pushing the stones of its ruin into the valley surrounding it.
The prophet probably acted out this verse; see Jer. 27.2; 28.10–11
The names of the towns seem to depict an invader's advance from the southwest toward Jerusalem.
Gath: a Philistine town. Beth-aphrah: northwest of Hebron; dust is a pun on its name, “house of dust.”
Shaphir: probably near Beth-aphrah. Zaanan: perhaps near Lachish (v. 13
); gone out is a pun on the name. Beth-ezel: to the south of Beth-aphrah.
Maroth: perhaps northeast of Beth-aphrah.
Lachish: an important fortress about thirty miles from Jerusalem; to the chariots may be a pun on the name. The historical allusion is obscure.
Moresheth-gath: the same as Moresheth, v. 1
. Beth-achzib: east of Moresheth; betrayed puns on the name.
Mareshah: northeast of Lachish; take your place puns on the name. Adullam: east of Achzib; its cave was once David's headquarters (2 Sam. 23.13
To shave the hair was a sign of deep mourning.
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