The invasion of Canaan came after the death of Moses: he had been forbidden to lead it (Num. 20.12
). Joshua was from the tribe of Ephraim (Num. 13.8, 16
Jordan: this river was the eastern boundary of Canaan.
The extent of the promised land (see Gen. 15.18; Deut. 1.7
) is here: the desert to the south; the Lebanon mountains to the northwest; the river Euphrates to the east; the Hittite country, northern Syria, at one time part of the Hittite empire; westwards to the Great Sea, the Mediterranean. This extent exceeds considerably the boundaries indicated by chs. 13–19 and Judg. 20.1
This book of the law refers to the Book of Deut., which teaches that fidelity to the law brings prosperity (see Deut. ch. 6
The Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh were Transjordanian tribes (see Num. ch. 32 and 32.1–42 n.
), who would return home after the conquest (v. 15
). The conquest, according to the Book of Joshua, is the work of the entire people; in Judg. it is the work of isolated tribes.
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