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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

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Commentary on The Second Letter of John

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1–3 : Address and wish.

1 :

Elder: a term used elsewhere to designate the leader(s) of a local church (see Acts 14.23; 20.17; 1 Tim. 5.17; Ti. 1.5 ). The community addressed is called the Lady, which in Gk. is the feminine equivalent of “Lord.” The title may be related to the familiar imagery of the church as the “bride of Christ” (see 2 Cor. 11.2; Eph. 5.26–27; Rev. 19.7 ). The phrase chosen by God (used here of the church) indicates Jesus in Jn. 1.34 .

2 :

The truth is the divine presence; its possession is assured by fidelity to the teaching about Christ (v. 9 ).

4–12 : The body of the letter.

4 :

Since only some are living by the truth, the heresy has made serious inroads into the community.

5 :

The writer's remedy is faithfulness to the command of mutual love (see 1 Jn. 2.7–10; Jn. 13.34 ).

6 :

This association of love with the commands of God is characteristic of Johannine thought (see Jn. 14.23 ).

7 :

See 1 Jn. 2.22 . Antichrist: see 1 Jn. 2.18 n.

9 :

The heretic goes beyond it by minimizing the reality of the incarnation.

13 : Final greeting.

The children of your Sister: the members of the Elder's church.

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