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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

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Commentary on A Letter of James

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1.1 : Salutation.

James: probably the brother of Jesus (Matt. 13.55; see Jude 1 ), although this is not specified. The church is in the world like the twelve tribes of Israel.

1.2–27 : Miscellaneous topics:

endurance (vv. 2–4 ), wisdom (vv. 5–8 ), wealth (vv. 9–11 ), trial (v. 12 ), temptation (vv. 13–15 ), God's beneficence (vv. 16–18 ), human anger (vv. 19–21 ), true religion (vv. 22–27 ).

2–4 :

Endurance: see 5.7–11; Prov. 3.11–12 .

5–8 :

Wisdom is understood by James as moral purity; see 3.13–17 . Faith is belief in God; see 2.19 .

9–11 :

The theme of the wealthy and the humble is important in this tract; see 2.1–7; 4.13–5.6 .

10–11 :

Isa. 40.6–7 .

12 :

Outward trials: see Dan. 12.12 Sept.; Rev. 2.10; 1 Pet. 5.4 .

18 :

As firstfruits Christians are heralds of a new age; see Rom. 8.23; 11.16 .

19–21 :

On anger, see 3.1–12 .

21 :

The message is the gospel.

22–25 :

On moral action, see 2.14–26 .

25 :

The gospel is the perfect law … that makes us free, and demands studied attention and obedience.

26 :

On false speech, see 3.1–12 .

27 :

True religion is defined here, not as doctrine or knowledge or ritual, but as moral action. World: see 2.5; 3.6; 4.4 .

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