Hosea means “rescue.” The names of the kings place Hosea in the 740s B.C.E.
The figure of the unhappy marriage sets forth God's dissatisfaction with Israel.
Jehu became king in a bloody revolt at Jezreel in about 842 B.C.E. (see 2 Kgs. 9.1–10.31
). Jezreel was the name both of a town and of the valley between Galilee and Samaria.
Break Israel's bow: destroy its power.
This apparently was added so as to apply to the Southern Kingdom Hosea's message addressed to the Northern.
You are not my people: the LORD renounces the covenant (compare Exod. 6.7
The substance of v. 9
is here reversed. See Gen. 22.17 and 32.12
Reunited: the division into two kingdoms came after Solomon (see 1 Kgs. 12.1–20
). Jezreel is here the son, standing for God's restoration of Israel.
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