These verses duplicate 2 Chr. 36.22–23
; see annotation there.
The first year of Cyrus was 538 B.C.E. Cyrus ll's rule over Persia actually began in 557 B.C.E.; 538 is the date from the perspective of the Babylonians. The word spoken through Jeremiah: what to the Persians was undoubtedly an act of political expediency was to the Jews the fulfillment of God's promise as taught
by Jeremiah (see Jer. 25.11–14; 29.10
; compare Isa. 44.28; 45.1
). Notices in writing were posted in public places.
Compare the decree of Cyrus in vv. 2–4
, which is in Heb., with the Aram. parallel in
. The somewhat different versions both conform with what is known of the diplomatic policies of the early Persian Achaemenid
kings (sixth–fourth centuries B.C.E.).
Left among us: surviving (2 Chr. 36.20
Mithredath: Cyrus' treasurer. Sheshbazzar may be identical with a son of Jeconiah whose name in 1 Chr. 3.18
is given as Shenazzar and elsewhere as Shenabasar or Sheshbazzar. Ruler: leader.
In all: see 1 Esd.
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