Susa was the winter residence of Persian kings; the official capital was Persepolis.
see 1 Macc. 2.18 n.
Thirty thousand talents: the sum is astronomical. The entire description seems to be greatly exaggerated.
Queen Astin in the Hebrew account is called Vashti. She must have been a current favorite since Xerxes' official wife was Amestris.
The Hebrew version attributes the king's feeling merry to drinking. Eunuchs were originally in charge of the king's harem but later they acquired positions of great influence (Jdt. 12.11 n.; Gen. 37.36; Dan. 1.3
Perhaps Queen Astin refused because the circumstances would have made her appearance degrading.
Such naïvete may be due to the heavy drinking of these counselors!
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