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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

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Commentary on The First Letter of Paul to the Corinthians

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1.1–3 : Salutation:

see Rom. 1.1–7 nn.

1 :

Sosthenes is unknown (but see Acts 18.17 ).

1.4–9 : Opening thanksgiving:

see Rom. 1.8–15 n.

8 :

The day refers to Christ's impending ( 7.29, 31 ) return to end the present age (2 Thess. 1.7–2.12 ) and to establish the kingdom ( 15.23–26, 50 ) in a time of severe testing ( 3.13–15; 4.5; 5.5 ).

1.10–4.21 : Paul's apostolic authority.

In the face of divided loyalties Paul asserts his authority as founder ( 3.5–15 ), teacher ( 2.6–7; 3.1–2 ), and father ( 4.14–15 ) of the congregation.

1.10–17 : Factiousness in Corinth.

11 :

Chloe's people are slaves or employees of this unknown lady.

12 :

Apollos: the principal missionary at Corinth after Paul ( 3.4–6; 4.6; 16.12; see Acts 18.24–19.1 ). Cephas: the Aram. equivalent of “Peter” (meaning “rock”; see Matt. 16.18 ).

14–17 :

Baptism was not unimportant to Paul (see 6.11; Rom. 6.3–4 ), but the actual rite he usually left to his assistants.

14 :

Crispus: see Acts 18.8 . Gaius: see Rom. 16.23 n.

16 :

Paul dictated his letters (see 16.21–24 n. and Rom. 16.22 n. ). Here he corrects himself. Stephanas: see 16.15–17 n.

1.18–2.5 : The paradox of the cross:

God saves through weakness and in spite of folly, revealing in Christ nailed to the cross (v. 23 ) God's true power and wisdom (v. 24 ).

19 :

Isa. 29.14 .

22 :

Signs (or miracles): see Mk. 8.11–12 . Wisdom: see 2.4–8 .

31 :

Jer. 9.24 (2 Cor. 10.17 ).

2.3–4 :

See 2 Cor. 10.10 .

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