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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

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Commentary on The First Book of the Chronicles

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1.1–9.44 : Genealogical prologues.

To the liturgical history of the City of David, the Chronicler gave a universal setting by assembling the genealogies of 1 Chr. chs. 1–9 , recording the line from Adam to David, with whom the liturgical history really began. Within this overall plan, some of the sources utilized had their own purposes, as is noted. A striking feature is the almost total absence of narrative here; world history simply moves through the families of humankind until it reaches David.

1.1–54 : From Adam to Israel.

Here the materials are from Genesis; special materials from the Chronicler's own circle (see Introduction) either were not required or were not available.

1–4 :

The Chronicler provides only the briefest list of the names of the antediluvians, omitting data, such as their ages at the birth of their sons given in Gen. 5.3–31 .

5–23 :

This is a catalogue of nations rather than simply a genealogy; compare Gen. ch. 10 .

24–27 :

The genealogy from Shem through Abraham is given. Just as there were ten generations before the flood, so there were ten from the flood to Abraham.

29–54 :

Here the Chronicler rearranges the genealogies found in Genesis by consistently listing first the descendants who do not lead to David.

29–34 :

The offspring of Abraham are given in three groups; each son was from a different wife, Hagar, Keturah, and Sarah. See v. 32 n.

31 :

The Chronicler does not comment here (as does Gen. 25.16 ) that the twelve names of 1.29–30 were tribal and territorial groups. The twelve tribes of Ishmael at some time formed a union like that of the twelve tribes of Israel.

32 :

The Chronicler mentions specifically Keturah, but not Hagar or Sarah.

33 :

Genesis 25.3 includes two sons of Dedan, omitted here, probably inadvertently.

34 :

The Chronicler regularly uses the name Israel rather than Jacob.

35–54 :

The longer treatment given to the descendants of Esau is probably due to the extent of the materials available in Gen. 36.1–43 rather than to any special importance of their own.

35–37 :

The Chronicler greatly abbreviates Gen. 36.1–14 , mainly by eliminating some repetitions and the references to the Canaanite wives of Esau.

36 :

The Chronicler, or an underlying source, mistakes Timna for a son instead of a concubine; see Gen. 36.12 .

38–42 :

The Chronicler skips the lists of chiefs of the tribes of Edom (Gen. 36.15–19 ). Instead, surprisingly, lists are given of the clans of pre-Edomite inhabitants, the sons of Seir (Seir was a mountainous region south of Judah), called Horites in the Genesis source.

43–50 :

It is remarkable that Israelites should have preserved this careful list of the kings of Edom. The form of the Edomite monarchy apparently required that the kingship pass from one family to another, as no dynastic principle was observed. Since the city of each king is also listed, that too was apparently a point of importance.

51–54 :

The Chronicler makes these chiefs successors to the kings; in Gen. 36.51–54 they simply form an alternative list of earlier chiefs; the significance of this alternative list is no longer clear.

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