Theophilus (lit. “lover of God” or “loved by God”) was probably a patron who would sponsor the distribution of this book.
These instructions are summarized in Lk. 24.44–49
Forty days is a general number; see Lk. 4.1–2
On the gift promised (concerning baptism), see Lk. 3.16; Isa. 44.2–5; Ezek. 39.28–29; Joel 2.28–29
In Lk. 3.16
this saying is attributed to John the Baptist.
All together may imply table-fellowship; compare
. On the problem of when and how God's sovereignty is realized, see Lk. 7.20–23; 19.11; 21.5–36
Dates or times:
see 1 Thess. 5.1
Sabbath day's journey: the travel permitted Jews, about a thousand paces,
Upstairs (upper) room was a normal meeting place (see 20.8
), not necessarily to be identified with the locus of the Last Supper.
Jesus’ brothers are named in Mk. 6.3
. Hitherto they had not been his followers; compare Mk. 3.21
. Group of women: compare Lk. 8.1–3; 23.49
Bound to come true:
see 2.23 n.
One of our number:
see Lk. 6.12–16
The meaning of fell headlong is uncertain; Papias (an early second-century Christian) took it to mean “became swollen.” According to Matt. 27.5
Judas hanged himself.
See Pss. 69.25; 109.8
Added name: many Jews bore two names, one Jewish (Joseph), the other Latin or Greek (Justus).
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