We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Select Bible Use this Lookup to open a specific Bible and passage. Start here to select a Bible.
Make selected Bible the default for Lookup tool.
Book: Ch.V. Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
:
OR
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result

The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

Related Content

Commentary on Zechariah

Previous
Jump to: Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
Next
Text Commentary side-by-side

1.1–8.23 : Visions and oracles about the restoration of Jerusalem.

This first major section of the book contains three parts, each introduced by a date formula ( 1.1; 1.7; 7.1 ).

1.1–6 : Introduction: a call to repentance.

1 :

Eighth monthsecond year, mid‐October to mid‐November 520 BCE. Darius I reigned over the Persian Empire, which extended “from India to Ethiopia” (Esth 8.9 ), from 522 to 486. Zechariah means “the LORD has remembered.” The phrase son of Berechiah son of Iddo is open to interpretation. Iddo could be the prophet's grandfather, although elsewhere in the Hebrew Bible Iddo alone is listed as Zechariah's father (Ezra 5.1; 6.14; Neh 12.16 ). There were several Zechariahs in the Bible (in this regard, note “Zechariah son of Jeberechiah” in Isa 8.2 ), and this may have led to scribal confusion (compare Mt 23.35 with 2 Chr 24.20–22 ).

3 :

Cf. Mal 3.7 .

4 :

The former prophets proclaimed, e.g., Jer 18.11; 25.5; Ezek 33.11 .

6 :

Overtake, Deut 28.45 . So they repented and said, see Lam 1.18; 3.40–42; 5.7 . But see Zech 7.11 .

1.6–6.15 : The eight visions of Zechariah.

Note the pattern: (a) vision, (b) question about its meaning, (c) angelic interpretation.

1.7–17 : The first vision: divine horsemen patrol the earth.

7 :

Mid‐January to mid‐February 519.

8 :

The glen, a deep hollow; no ordinary place.

9 :

My lord, a term of respect for the angel.

11 :

Patrolled the earth, see also Job 1.6–7; 2.2 . The whole earth remains at peace, i.e., the nations have not yet received their judgment (cf. 1.15; Hag 2.6 ).

12 :

Seventy years, the length of time since the destruction of Jerusalem was slightly less ( 586–519 ), but seventy years was a conventional term of punishment (Isa 23.15–17; Jer 25.11–12; 29.10 ).

13 :

Gracious and comforting words, e.g., Isa 40.1–2; Jer 29.10; 33.14 .

16 :

The measuring line, the first signs of new construction; see 2.1–5; Jer 31.38–39 .

17 :

Compare with 8.3; Isa 44.26; contrast with 2 Kings 23.27 .

1.18–21 : The second vision: four horns and four smiths.

The four horns symbolize powerful nations (cf. Dan 2.36–40; 7.19–27 ) which the blacksmiths (the LORD's agents of destruction as in Isa 54.16; Ezek 21.31 ) will smash.

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2015. All Rights Reserved. Privacy policy and legal notice