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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on 1 Timothy

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1.1–2 :

Epistolary prescript: sender, addressees, and salutation, following the typical form of a Pauline letter (see Philem 1.1–3 ), with the addition of mercy in the greeting (cf. 2 Tim 1.2 ).

1.3–2.15 : The contrast of true and false teaching (part one).

1.3–11

Opening warning against false teachers, in place of a thanksgiving formula (cf. Philem 4–9 ), signaling the urgency of the problem, as the author sees it.

3

Instruct, the author's main purpose ( 1.5, 18; 4.11; 5.7; 6.13 ), 17 .

1, 4 :

Myths and endless genealogies, uncertain, but probably speculations on biblical texts (cf. 4.7; Titus 1.14; 3.9 ).Divine training, or “plan,” or “stewardship.”

1,5 :

Love … conscience … faith, for Paul's usual triad of faith, love, and hope (1 Thess 5.8; 1 Cor 13.13 ).

6 :

Deviated, see 6.21n.

7 :

The law, presumably the Torah.

9–10

Implicitly, a stereotypical depiction of the false teachers as ethically depraved; cf. other catalogues of vice in Rom 1.29–31; 1 Cor 5.11; 6.9–10; Gal 5.19–21 .

1.12–20 :

Contrasting portraits of faithfulness and faithlessness.

12–17 :

A portrait of Paul, the blas phemer transformed into the faithful proclaimer (cf. the different portrayals in Paul's letters [ 15.8–10; 1.13–24; 3.5–11 ], and in Acts 9).

15 :

The saying is sure, a favored formula in the Pastorals (see 3.1 ; 4.9 ; 2.11 ; 3.8 ). 17 : Theology cast as doxology (cf. 6.15–16 ).

18

Prophecies, see 4.14

19 :

Conscience, the seat of selfawareness of guilt or innocence (a key theme; see 1.5 ; 3.9 ; 4.2 ; 1.3;1.15 ).

20

Hymenaeus (unknown apart from here and 2 Tim 2.17 ) and Alexander (likely to be identified with “Alexander the coppersmith” in 2 Tim 4.14 ; perhaps Acts 19.33 ), characterized as blasphemers (cf. 1.13 ). Turned over to Satan, for correction or possibly for punishment (cf. 1 Cor 5.5 ). Satan or the devil is mentioned frequently in the Pastorals; see 3.6,7; 5.15; 2 Tim 2.26 .

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