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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on Sirach

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1.1–10 : Wisdom, God's unfathomable gift

(cf. 24.1–12; Job 28; Prov 8.22–31 ). Wisdom is personified as a feminine figure, created by God and graciously bestowed upon humanity.

1 :

From the Lord, a divine origin ( 24.3; Prov 2.6; 8.22–23; Job 12.13; Wis 7.25–26 ).

2–3 :

Divine Wisdom is as incalculable as the limits of the cosmos (cf. 18.4–7 ).

4 :

Created before all other things, Prov 8.22–31 .

6–10 :

Wisdom belongs to God alone (Job 28 ); yet God has lavished her upon all the living, i.e., both Jews and Gentiles, and particularly upon those who love him: Israel ( 1.26; 24.7–12 ).

1.11–30 : Wisdom as fear of the Lord …

A programmatic statement of Sirach's central theme the inseparability of wisdom and piety.

12 :

Long life (Deut 6.2 ), a frequent wisdom topic (cf. v. 20; Prov 3.16 ).

13 :

On the day of their death, no afterlife is envisioned here, simply the blessed state of a pious life at its end (cf. 11.26–28 ).

14 :

The beginning of wisdom, cf. Prov 1.7; 9.10; Job 28.28; Ps 111.10 . With the faithful in the womb, a prophetic motif ( 49.7; Jer 1.5; Isa 44.2,24; 49.1,5; see also Ps 139.13 ).

15 :

Among human beings, cf. 24.8–12; Prov 8.31 .

20 :

Wisdom as a flourishing tree of life ( 24.13–14,16–17; Prov 3.18 ).

22 :

The danger of yielding to anger ( 27.30; 28.3–11; Prov 10.18; 12.16; 29.22 ).

26 :

Keep the command‐ments, wisdom is equated with the law of Moses ( 24.23 ).

30 :

Dishonor, an intense concern in Sirach ( 3.2–11; 4.21; 7.7; 10.19–11.6; 41.17–42.8 ). Congregation (Gk“synagoge”) refers chiefly to the community gathered in public assembly ( 4.7; 23.24; 41.18; cf. Prov 5.12–14 ).

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