A wisdom psalm, used as a preface to the Psalter, intended as a guide to the Psalter as a repository of divine instruction.
Wisdom characteristics include the introductory assertion that the virtuous are happy (e.g., Prov 3.13
); it continues with the language of the way, and the sharp contrast between the righteous and the wicked.
The psalmist's nonassociation with the wicked and devotion to the Torah.
The wicked are like worthless, insubstantial chaff; this contrasts with the righteous, who are like flourishing trees (v. 3; cf. Jer 17.7–8
The final verse brings the righteous and wicked together for a sharper contrast.
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