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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on Philippians

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1.1–2 : Salutation.:

1 :

Bishops and deacons, the alternate translation overseers and helpers is preferable.These functions are not yet the church offices that they will later become.

1.3–11 : Thanksgiving.

A common feature of a Pauline letter.

5 :

Sharing, “koinônia,” an important Pauline concept ( 2.1; 3.10; 4.15 ). From the first day, when Paul first preached at Philippi (Acts 16.12 ).

6 :

The day of Jesus Christ, when he will return and the present age will end ( 2.16; see 1 Cor 1.8;cf. 2 Thess 2.3 and 2 Pet 3.10 ).

10 :

Rom 2.18 .

1.12–26 : Paul's situation in chains.

13 :

Paul is confined in some Roman administrative center, wherehe has had the opportunity to preach the gospel.

15–18 :

Not all Christian preachers agreed with Paul orliked him; this is clear in Galatians and 1 and 2 Corinthians (especially 2 Cor 10–13 ), and here Paulquestions their motives.

19 :

Quoting Job 13.16 .

21–24 :

His life is not his own but is given over to Christ,so that he is indifferent to the outcome of life or death; nevertheless, his death would mean loss to his churches.

1.27–4.4 : Appeal to unity, to be followed by examples.

2.1–18 :

First example: self –emptying of Christ.

6 :

In the form of God, equality with God, may refer to divine status, or simply preexistence as a heavenlybeing (Dan 7.14 ), or Adam's original immortality (Wis 2.23–24 ), which Christ renounced by becoming subject to death.

7 :

But emptied himself, the extreme limit of self‐denial.

8 :

Mt 26.39 ; Jn 10.18 ; Rom 5.19 ; Heb 5.8 ; 12.2 .

9 :

Exalted, in raising him from the dead. The name … above every name is Lord.

10–11 :

Cf. Isa 45.23 .

12 :

With fear and trembling, a frequent biblical expression (Ex 15.16; Deut 2.25;Ps 2.11; Isa 19.6; 4 Macc 4.10 ) that had become a commonplace (1 Cor 2.3; 2 Cor 7.15; Eph 6.5 ).

15 :

Shine like stars, Dan 12.3 .

16 :

Day of Christ, see 1.6n .

17 :

Paul's possible death is compared to a temple sacrifice.

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