Bishops and deacons, the alternate translation overseers and helpers is preferable.These functions are not yet the church offices that they will later become.
A common feature of a Pauline letter.
Sharing, “koinônia,” an important Pauline concept (
2.1; 3.10; 4.15
). From the first day, when Paul first preached at Philippi (Acts 16.12
The day of Jesus Christ, when he will return and the present age will end (
2.16; see 1 Cor 1.8;cf. 2 Thess 2.3 and 2 Pet 3.10
Paul is confined in some Roman administrative center, wherehe has had the opportunity to preach the gospel.
Not all Christian preachers agreed with Paul orliked him; this is clear in Galatians and 1 and 2 Corinthians (especially 2 Cor 10–13
), and here Paulquestions their motives.
Quoting Job 13.16
His life is not his own but is given over to Christ,so that he is indifferent to the outcome of life or death; nevertheless,
his death would mean loss to his churches.
First example: self –emptying of Christ.
In the form of God,
equality with God, may refer to divine status, or simply preexistence as a heavenlybeing (Dan 7.14
), or Adam's original immortality (Wis 2.23–24
), which Christ renounced by becoming subject to death.
But emptied himself, the extreme limit of self‐denial.
; Jn 10.18
; Rom 5.19
; Heb 5.8
Exalted, in raising him from the dead. The name … above every name is Lord.
Cf. Isa 45.23
With fear and trembling, a frequent biblical expression (Ex 15.16; Deut 2.25;Ps 2.11; Isa 19.6; 4 Macc 4.10
) that had become a commonplace (1 Cor 2.3; 2 Cor 7.15; Eph 6.5
Shine like stars,
Day of Christ,
Paul's possible death is compared to a temple sacrifice.
Your access is brought to you by: