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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on Numbers

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18.1–32 : Priesthood and Levitical duties and dues.

This builds on chs 16–17 .

1–7 :

For the duties outlined here, see 3.5–10,14–39; 4.1–49 .

3,4,5 :

Perform duties, perform guard duty.

6 :

Perform service, do the work of transporting the tabernacle (also vv. 21,23,31 ).

8–20 :

The priests receive offerings (pre‐bends) for their work.

8–10 :

The priests eat the portions of the most holy offerings (see Lev 2.3n. ) in the sanctuary court (Lev 6.16,26; 7.6; 10.13,17; 24.9 ).

11–20 :

The whole priestly family, including females, may eat of lesser holy offerings 10.14–15; 22.10–14 ). This may be done outside the sanctuary, but must be done in a state of ritual purity.

11 :

Gifts of all the elevation offerings, rather, “gifts including all the elevation offerings.” Elevation, done in the sanctuary, specially consecrates portions of offerings (Ex 29.27–28; Lev 7.30; 10.14–15; 23.17–20; Num 6.19–20 ). Gifts include these and other items dedicated outside the sanctuary.

12–13 :

For first produce and first fruits, cf. Ex 23.19; Lev 2.12; 19.24; Num 15.17–20; Deut 18.4 .

14 :

Devoted thing, see Lev 27.28n.

15–18 :

Firstborn animals, cf. Lev 27.26; Num 1.11–13 .

16 :

Shekel, see 3.47n.

17 :

Pleasing odor, see 15.3n.

19 :

Covenant of salt, see Lev 2.13n.

21–32 :

The Levites receive the produce tithe (cf. vv. 27,30; cf. Neh 10.38–39 ). This amends Lev 27.30–33 , where produce and animal tithes appear to go to the priests.

25–32 :

Even Levites are not exempt from supporting the priests. The tenth of the Levitical tithe that goes to the priests is holy (vv. 28–29 ) while the remaining nine‐tenths is not (vv. 31–32 ).

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