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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on Matthew

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1.1–17 : Jesus' place in Israel's family tree

(Lk 3.23–38 ).

1 :

Son of David, son of Abraham, Messiah, titles and heroes that place Jesus and the Gospel within Israel's history. Messiah, Heb term for “anointed,” Gk “Christos.”

3–6 :

Jesus' genealogy is largely patriarchal, but includes four women from the Hebrew Bible: Tamar (Gen 38 ), Rahab (Josh 2 ), Ruth, and Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah (2 Sam 11–12; 1 Kings 1 ), breaking with the tradition of reciting only the male forebears. Each acted independently, in some cases scandalously, at critical junctures in Israel's history to ensure the continuation of the Davidic line.

11 :

Deportation, the exile (2 Kings 24.8–16 ).

17 :

Fourteen, the numerical value of “David” in Hebrew; some names have been omitted (Ahaziah, Joash, and Amaziah, v. 8; see 1 Chr 3.11–12 ) to form the pattern, which is presumably created as a memory aid.

1.18–25 : Jesus' conception and birth

(Lk 1.26–2.40 ).

18 :

Mary is a virgin, though pregnant (Lk 1.34 ).

19 :

Joseph, only in Matthew's Gospel is the character and the role of Jesus' father developed. Dismiss her quietly, divorce her discreetly.

20 :

Angels and dreams frequently communicate God's plan in Matthew.

21 :

The first mention of the name Jesus, the Gk form of the Heb Joshua, “The LORD saves/helps.” This highlights the mission and purpose of the child.

22–23 :

Isa 7.14 ; the first of Matthew's fulfillment citations, which help explain that what is occurring is God's plan.

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