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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on 2 Corinthians

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Commentary spanning earlier chapters

2.14–7.4 : Real character of Paul's ministry.

6.11–7.4 : Final appeal to the Corinthians.

11–13 :

Frankly, see 1.12n.

6.14–7.1 :

An abrupt interrup tion of Paul's appeal in the present context, since 7.2–4 more naturally follows 6.11–13 . This passage contains many words used nowhere else by Paul; the stark dualism is also uncharacteristic of him.

14 :

Mismatched, lit. “misyoked,” used only here in the New Testament; see Lev 19.19 . Partnership, used only here in the New Testament, fellowship, and “share” (v. 15 ) are synonyms meaning “association” in general. Righteousness and lawlessness, see Rom 6.19 , “iniquity.” Light and darkness (see Rom 2.19; 13.12; 1 Cor 4.5; 1 Thess 5.4–5 ) also undergirds the imagery of 4.3–6 , where the same contrast between “believers” and unbelievers (v. 15 ) is also found.

15 :

Beliar, another name for Satan; see 2.11n.

16a :

Temple of the living God, see 1 Cor 3.16 .

16b–18 :

A chain of citations from Lev 26.12; Ezek 37.27; Isa 52.11; 2 Sam 7.14; Isa 43.6 to show separation from defilement.

7.1 :

Defilement, used only here in the New Testament. Body and spirit are not set in opposition here; contrast with Gal 5.16–26 . Fear of God, see 5.11 .

7.2–4 :

Resumption of appeal in 6.11–13 .

3 :

Die … live, Paul reverses the traditional declaration of friendship,“live … die,” to emphasize his bond with the Corinthians through identification with Christ's death and life.

4 :

Boast, see 1.12–14n. Consolation … affliction, see 1.3–7n. All three themes are introduced in 1.3–14 .

7.5–16 : Resumption of travelogue

( 2.12–13 ).

5 :

Afflicted, “consoles” (vv. 6,7,13 ), “boasting” (v. 14 twice ), “confidence” (v. 16 ), introduced in 1.3–14 , are recapitulated throughout this passage; see notes there, and also 7.4 .

6–8 :

Titus (see 2.13n. ) brought news that Paul's letter (see 2.3–4n. ) had been received favorably; see 2.5–11 .

12 :

The one who did the wrong, see 2.6n. The one who was wronged, Paul himself.

13–14 :

Titus, see 2.13n.

16 :

Confidence concludes the narrative of vv. 5–16 and anticipates the appeal for the collection in chs 8–9 .

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