Defense is the principal theme of the next chapters (
24.10; 25.8,16; 26.1–2
). It has a clear function at the level of the narrative and also allows Luke to defend Paul before readers who may have had
questions about him.
Brought up, educated. Gamaliel,
21.20; in Gal 1.14
as a self‐description of Paul.
Cf. 9.1–18; 26.9–18
the companions heard the voice but saw no one.
What Ananias says here is roughly parallel to what the Lord tells him in
The report of the vision is not given in the other conversion accounts. Paul's commission to the Gentiles is significantly
located in the temple.
Examined by flogging to determine the truth of the matter (2 Cor 11.23
That Paul is a Roman citizen is disclosed at the last moment; see 16.37–38n.
In the early part of Claudius's reign citizenship was often purchased for a large sum. The scene increases Paul's status for readers of Acts and reinforces the theme of the compatibility of Christianity and Roman
life; there is nothing in Paul's letters to indicate that he was a Roman citizen.
The tribune brings him before it to get evidence, not to try him.
The tribune calls for an advisory meeting of the council; see 5.21n.
Ananias, high priest in the reigns of Claudius and Nero, was murdered by rebels about 66 CE.
cf. Ezek 13.10–15; Mt 23.27
. It is strange that Paul does not recognize the high priest.
Paul as a Pharisee (
26.5; Phil 3.5
) realizes he can exploit a difference of opinion between Sadducees and Pharisees over the resurrection (see Josephus, War
Sadducees denied a resurrection (Mk 12.18
The Pharisees side with Paul (see 15.5n.
Paul is rescued from mob violence for a second time by an agent of Rome (
A vision (cf. 18.9–10
) provides assurance that martyrdom will not occur in Jerusalem (
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