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The Access Bible New Revised Standard Bible, written and edited with first-time Bible readers in mind.

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Commentary on 2 Timothy

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1.1–2 :

Epistolary opening. See 2 Cor 1.1; 1 Tim 1.1 .

2 :

Child, see 2.1; 1 Tim 1.2 . The repetition of child and you (in singular form: 2.1; 3.10, 14; 4.5 ) gives the tone of a last will.

1.3–18 .

3–10 :

Appeals to suffer for the gospel.

3–5 :

One sentence in Greek, this links the writer and his ancestors to Timothy and his mother and grandmother. Conscience, see 1 Tim 3.9 . Timothy's mother, see Acts 16.1 . Sincere, literally “without hypocrisy.”

6–10 :

A maxim against cowardice (see Sir 34.4 ) precedes a direct exhortation * against being ashamed of the gospel and a fragment of a hymn summarizing the gospel.

6 :

Rekindle, the word implies continuous burning. Laying on of … hands, see 1 Tim 4.14 .

7 :

Self-discipline, not private rigor but God-given endurance. See Titus 1.8; 2.5–6 .

8 :

Ashamed in various forms ( 1.12, 16; 2.15 ) is a key theme: Believers must rely on the power of God to counter the shame and suffering associated with the gospel.

10 :

Elsewhere in the Pastorals ( 4.1; 1 Tim 6.14 ), appearing means Jesus' future coming; here, his incarnation.

1.11–4.18 :

Passing on the apostolic * teachings.

1.11–4.18 :

Serving the gospel. Personal experiences (vv. 11, 15–18 ) illustrate perseverance (vv. 11–14 ). Onesiphorus is an example of one not ashamed of the gospel. In contrast, Phygelus and Hermogenes have turned away.

12 :

That day, see 1.18; 4.8 .

14 :

Treasure, literally a deposit.

15 :

Asia, a Roman province, western Asia Minor (modern Turkey). Phygelus and Hermogenes, unknown elsewhere.

17–18 :

Found … find, a play on words.

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