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The Access Bible New Revised Standard Bible, written and edited with first-time Bible readers in mind.

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Commentary on 1 Timothy

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1.1–2 :

Epistolary opening. The formal opening suggests a chain of command from God to Paul to Timothy.

1 :

Command, literally “order placed upon,” see Titus 1.3 . Savior in Paul describes Jesus (see Phil 3.20 ); in the Pastorals savior describes both God (1 Tim 1.1; 2.3; 4.10; Titus 1.3; 2.10; 3.4 ) and Jesus (2 Tim 1.10; Titus 1.4; 2.13; 3.6 ).

2 :

My loyal child also describes Titus (Titus 1.4 ).

1.3–11 :

Timothy's task. Timothy is to teach against the false doctrine that encourages deviations from order (training) that promotes good conscience. These deviations include those who revel in speculative thought (v. 4 ), those who do not teach love that comes from a pure heart (v. 5 ), and those whose teaching does not conform to the glorious gospel of the blessed God (v. 11 ).

3 :

Instruct, see 1.5, 18; 4.11 .

4 :

Training, literally “household law.” See 3.4–5, 12, 15; 5.13–14 .

5 :

Conscience, see 1.19 .

9–11 :

The vices roughly follow the order of the Ten Commandments.

1.12–20 :

Examples and counter-examples. The example of one in service of the gospel (vv. 12–17 ) contrasts with those who still need to be taught not to blaspheme (vv. 18–20 ).

12–17 :

Autobiographical reflections begin with thanksgiving (v. 12 ) and end with praise (v. 17 ), anticipating the salvation of others ( 2.1–4 ) just as the writer was saved from ignorance because of the patience of Jesus.

15 :

The saying is sure, see 3.1; 4.9 .

18–20 :

Referring to 1.3–11 , a contrast between Timothy's character and the false teachers.

19 :

Shipwreck, as if the teachers have steered off course.

20 :

Hymenaeus, see 2 Tim 2.17 . Alexander, see 2 Tim 4.14 .

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