The fall of Edom. Obadiah announces the sentence for Edom's crimes.
This messenger is a member of the heavenly council sent to announce God's plans.
The clefts of the rock refer to the mountain range, rising sharply to the east of the Jordan rift valley, on which Edom was located.
Esau, the ancestor of the Edomites (Gen 25.30
), is used by Obadiah as a synonym for Edom.
Those who ate your bread are the allies mentioned earlier in the verse. Alliances were sealed by covenant
meals (Gen 31.44–46
Edom's betrayal of Judah. Obadiah lists the details of Edom's exploitation of Judah following Babylon's destruction of Jerusalem (587 BCE).
Teman is either a synonym for Edom or the name of a section or city in Edom. Mount Esau may be a particular Edomite mountain or the mountain range on which Edom was located.
Jacob, the brother of Edom's ancestor Esau (Gen 25.24–26
), is used by Obadiah to represent the citizens of Jerusalem and Judah.
Jerusalem is the capital of Judah.
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