Successful conquests by Judah and Simeon.
In contrast to the complete conquest described in Joshua (Josh 11.23; 21.43–45
), Judg 1
portrays an on-going conquest that continued after the death of Joshua.
Judah's successes contrast with the comparative failures of the northern tribes (vv. 22–36
). Divine guidance in tactics and an assurance of victory were elements of holy war
The tribes Judah and Simeon are personified as individuals.
This assertion is in tension with v. 21
. Jerusalem first became Israelite under David (2 Sam 5.6–9
These accomplishments are credited to Caleb in v. 20
(and Josh 15.14
The story of Achsah is duplicated in Josh 15.13–19
. She argues that she needs pools (note a) because she has received arid land (metaphorically,
land of the Negeb).
The Kenites were a foreign group associated with Israel (
5.24; 1 Sam 15.6
). They settled with the “people” Israel (the better reading, note c).
Hormah is a wordplay on the Hebrew word “herem,” the holy war ban
inflicted on it when Judah and Simeon devoted it to destruction.
Chariots with iron fittings gave battlefield superiority outside the broken terrain of the hill country.
Native Jebusites remained a distinct group in Jerusalem even after David's capture of the city (2 Sam 24.18
Failures of the northern tribes.
The capture of Bethel is the only success reported.
This information is duplicated in Josh 16.10; 17.11–13
. These cities did not become part of Israel until the reigns of David and Solomon.
For the saga of the Danites, see Judg 18
Your access is brought to you by: