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The Access Bible New Revised Standard Bible, written and edited with first-time Bible readers in mind.

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Commentary on Judges

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1.1–21 :

Successful conquests by Judah and Simeon.

1 :

In contrast to the complete conquest described in Joshua (Josh 11.23; 21.43–45 ), Judg 1 portrays an on-going conquest that continued after the death of Joshua.

2 :

Judah's successes contrast with the comparative failures of the northern tribes (vv. 22–36 ). Divine guidance in tactics and an assurance of victory were elements of holy war * tradition.

3 :

The tribes Judah and Simeon are personified as individuals.

8 :

This assertion is in tension with v. 21 . Jerusalem first became Israelite under David (2 Sam 5.6–9 ).

10 :

These accomplishments are credited to Caleb in v. 20 (and Josh 15.14 ).

11–15 :

The story of Achsah is duplicated in Josh 15.13–19 . She argues that she needs pools (note a) because she has received arid land (metaphorically, * land of the Negeb).

16 :

The Kenites were a foreign group associated with Israel ( 5.24; 1 Sam 15.6 ). They settled with the “people” Israel (the better reading, note c).

17 :

Hormah is a wordplay on the Hebrew word “herem,” the holy war ban * inflicted on it when Judah and Simeon devoted it to destruction.

19 :

Chariots with iron fittings gave battlefield superiority outside the broken terrain of the hill country.

21 :

Native Jebusites remained a distinct group in Jerusalem even after David's capture of the city (2 Sam 24.18 ).

1.22–36 :

Failures of the northern tribes.

22–26 :

The capture of Bethel is the only success reported.

27–29 :

This information is duplicated in Josh 16.10; 17.11–13 . These cities did not become part of Israel until the reigns of David and Solomon.

34 :

For the saga of the Danites, see Judg 18 .

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